David’s Sonic Boom Powered Shepherd’s Sling

Recently I discovered that a shepherd’s sling (probably very similar to the one that David used to kill Goliath) can hurl a stone so hard and fast that the stone can actually break the sound barrier and create a mini sonic boom! That is so cool! This discovery immediately made me think about David and Goliath.

Here is the Biblical account of David using his sling to kill Goliath.

He took his stick in his hand and chose for himself five smooth stones from the brook, and put them in the shepherd’s bag which he had, even in his pouch, and his sling was in his hand; and he approached the Philistine. ( 1 Samuel 17:40 NASB)

Smooth stones are an important detail because they have an aerodynamic shape and provide the least amount of wind resistance which allows the projectile to (a) travel at a faster rate and (b) improve accuracy. The words used to describe David’s pouch and sling also support the idea that he used the shepherd’s sling that we know today.

“48 Then it happened when the Philistine rose and came and drew near to meet David, that David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine. 49 And David put his hand into his bag and took from it a stone and slung it, and struck the Philistine on his forehead. And the stone sank into his forehead, so that he fell on his face to the ground. 50 Thus David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and he struck the Philistine and killed him; but there was no sword in David’s hand.” (1 Samuel 17:48-50 NASB)

According to the research I have done, the forehead is a thick and very strong piece of bone that helps to protect the brain. For a stone to sink into Goliath’s forehead it would have been traveling at quite a fast rate of speed and been very accurate (i.e. the importance of having smooth stones). From what I have read and watched, a skilled person is able to launch a stone with a shepherds sling so fast that it can actually break the sound barrier and create a sonic boom! The sling seems more like a high powered sniper rifle than a kids toy! Make no mistake about it, this was a very deadly weapon and David was highly trained to use it. This is how David was able to produce enough speed and momentum to kill Goliath and to cause the stone to sink deep into his forehead.

Below you will find a video where a guy is able to hit watermelons with a shepherds sling. It is super impressive and I am sure I couldn’t even get close to his talent, but at the end it says that he took 17 shots at 3 target, that’s about a 17% success rate if I understand these numbers correctly.

Well, David had a lot more pressure on him (his own life was in the balance, he was young, his brothers mocked him, Saul really didn’t seem very confident, the entire army of Israel was watching etc.) and he had pinpoint accuracy, this leads me to believe that he was an expert at handling and using this deadly weapon.

Here are some other references to this type of sling or similar in the Bible:

Used to describe highly skilled military men using it as a weapon of war

Out of all these people 700 choice men were left-handed; each one could sling a stone at a hair and not miss. (Judges 20:16 NASB)

They were equipped with bows, using both the right hand and the left to sling stones and to shoot arrows from the bow; they were Saul’s kinsmen from Benjamin. (1 Chronicles 12:2 NASB)

Moreover, Uzziah prepared for all the army shields, spears, helmets, body armor, bows and sling stones. (2 Chronicles 26:14 NASB)

Used to describe the strength of Leviathan, not even sonic powered slingstones can hurt him!

“The arrow cannot make him flee; Slingstones are turned into stubble for him. (Job 41:28 NASB)

Here are some actual videos which show this phenomena, the “crack” or “pop” you hear is the mini sonic boom that is produced by the rock breaking the sound barrier.

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The Impact of a “Little” Sin – Achan (Joshua 6-7)

I was struck this morning by the deceptiveness and heaviness of sin in the account of Achan (Joshua 6-7). Achan directly disobeys the command to not take anything under the ban. He takes a couple of small trinkets. He probably rationalizes it and thinks it’s a small thing, who cares? Well, God cares.
Here are some of the consequences:
  • 36 men died in the battle against Ai because of Achan’s sin
  • the people’s (Israel) hearts melted, previously other nations are said to have their hearts melted because God was helping Israel
  • God held entire nation responsible (see 7:11)
  • God threatens that He will not be with them anymore (this is a frightening proposition when you consider that they just crossed the Jordan because of God and defeated the great city Jericho because God was with them and on their own they couldn’t defeat little Ai)
  • whole nation has to go through the process of finding out who is responsible. If they are anything like we are today (remember they are described as a stiff-necked people), I bet there would have been some false accusations in the process among the people and untold trouble in this process all because Achan saw, lusted, and took.
  • Achan’s whole family is stoned and burned. Not only is this bad for Achan’s family but also for the people. I’m sure this was not a fun experience for Israel to go through this process. Have you ever stoned someone? This would not an enjoyable experience. You have to throw big enough stones hard enough to kill someone and there were multiple people. This would have been heartbreaking because they also had to stone his wife his sons and his daughters. Even if they all helped him hide the stuff and were guilty this is a very difficult experience. I’m sure they all would have begged for their lives to some degree.
Personal Application:
  • God is not OK with my sin
  • There is no such thing as an innocent or “little” sin
  • Sin is not to be played with
  • Sin is evil
  • Sin has consequences
  • Sin is worse than I think it is. -Sin is not my friend
  • My sin doesn’t just affect me
  • I cannot hide my sin
  • Sin is deceptive
  • Sin is deadly
  • Sin may bring momentary pleasure but it ends in death (“Why would you trade a drop of pleasure for a sea of wrath?” – Thomas Watson)
  • Sin begins with the eyes and mind before it shows up in the actions (Achan saw, coveted and then took. Just like Eve in the garden. Just like James 1:12-17)

The Preacher’s Bible Review (Part 1) “First Things First”

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Intro – Purpose and Perspective of this Review

First off, no I am not a preacher or a pastor. I’m not seminary trained either. So I cannot give you these kinds of perspectives on this particular Bible. But, I am a layperson who works hard (by the Spirit) to study God’s Word (2 Tim 2:15), to apply/do it in my own life (James 1:22-25), and then share it with others (Ezra 7:10). That is the whole purpose of this blog; to think practically and devotionally about the deep things of God and then to stir up others to do the same (Heb 3:12-14, 10:24-25).

In addition to this, I have spent many years in dialogue with publishers about the premium Bible market. I have reviewed and researched dozens of premium Bibles, so I generally understand what makes for a good premium Bible and what does not.

Finally, this Bible was a gift from a very good friend and many have asked me to conduct a thorough review of it and also give some of the tips and tricks I’ve learned over the past few years of marking and handling a premium Bible so I will give those out as well, for whatever they are worth.

It is from this perspective, the lay person who studies and teaches God’s word and enjoys using a well-crafted Bible that holds up to consistent use, that I will be evaluating the Preacher’s Bible (which I affectionately call the Student’s Bible because it seems designed for any student of God’s word whether you are a preacher or not).

I am going to try and show some of the advantages and disadvantages of this particular edition of God’s Word. This is going to take place in a couple of posts though. I want to use this Bible and review it as I go instead of all at once at the end. As we move along in these posts I will also do some compare and contrast with other editions and as I said earlier, I hope to show off some tips and tricks I have learned through the years of test-driving a premium Bible. With that said let’s jump into my first official day of reading from the Preacher’s Bible.

Tip #1 – Before you ever write in a new Bible, you want to make sure that you are using the correct instruments. If you choose the wrong pen, pencil, or highlighter you may quickly regret that decision. Wrong implements may write weird on the type of Bible paper you have or bleed through or make indents in the paper that you cannot reverse. The solution? Flip to the back of the Bible where the Concordance is or a page that you have little concern for that also has text on it. A page that you are OK if it gets marked up or even ruined. Create a test page where you can try out different pens and highlighters. I like to write the name of the pen with the pen so I can have it for future reference. Here is an example from my copy of the Preachers Bible, though the paper is so thick it almost doesn’t matter, or does it? See for yourself:

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As you can see, there is some bleed through with a couple of these pens. And the Pencil made an indent. But other than that the paper can handle most pens and even the highlighter.

TIP #2 – I highly suggest using Micron Pens for all Bible marking. Here are some pictures of the pens I most highly recommend:

Micron – I use .005 for every color but yellow. For yellow I use a bigger tip because I use it like a highlighter. It doesn’t bleed and is more precise. These pens are great to use and now widely available. They are perfect Bible pens because of the soft tip and ink that doesn’t bleed.

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Pilot G-TEC .25 – these pens are nice too. The tip is not soft like the Micron so you need to be a little more careful with how much pressure you apply, but they are super precise! They make very careful clean lines and allows you to write a little smaller and still be clear.

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Using a straight-edge – I also like to use a straight-edge when underlining. It just looks cleaner. Here is the one I use:

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Here are some pictures showing how I intend to use this Bible. Below you can see the use of the yellow Micron .05 as a highlighter and a blue Micron .005 for the margin note. As I was reading this morning, I noticed that this text was jam packed with some of the attributes of God so I stopped to think and meditate on these and then made a quick list of every one that I could find in the text, the margins are perfect for this type of exercise, there is so much room. Usually, I’m trying to fit things like this into a tight space, not so with this Bible. What I like about this is that I can basically make my own Study Bible with insights from simply meditating on the word or I can write in quotes from sermons or commentaries or other Study Bibles.

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Here is the backside of the page above. Very little (if any) bleed through, You can faintly see the marginal note but still very faint.

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Here is another way I intend to use this Bible, to make my own reference system. As I read, I want to constantly be thinking about the fact that Scripture interprets Scripture. So when I do not understand something, or something is unclear to me, I want to first search out the Scriptures to see if there are any other texts that may speak to the text I am looking at that may be a little clearer or to the point and help me understand what the text means by what it says. First I want to find out “What does the text say and what did the original author originally mean by what it says?” Then, I can move on and ask “What do other texts say about this issue that might help me understand this text?” or “How does this text fit with that text?” or “How does this text illustrate that text?” The Bible always fits together. If I find a problem in the text, the the problem is with me and my thinking, not the text (Heb 4:12-13; Isa 40:8; 2 Tim 3:16-17).

For example, here in Deuteronomy 13 we see that God tests Israel by allowing false prophets in their midst to find out if they really love Him with all of their heart and soul. Well, that immediately made me think of James 1 where Trials and Tests are talked about. I’ve written about this topic before and you can see that post here if you are interested.

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Well, that’s enough for a first run through this Bible. I hope you find this content and these posts helpful.

May the Lord bless you and keep you.

James 1:22-25

22 But prove yourselves doers of the word, and not merely hearers who delude themselves. 23 For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in a mirror; 24 for once he has looked at himself and gone away, he has immediately forgotten what kind of person he was. 25 But one who looks intently at the perfect law, the law of liberty, and abides by it, not having become a forgetful hearer but an effectual doer, this man will be blessed in what he does.

 

Steadfast Bibles Renewing Interest in the NASB at ShepCon 2018

As many of you know, I have a love/hate relationship with the NASB. I love the NASB translation (it is my translation of choice) but I often find the packaging that it comes in to be less than desirable. Whether it is the “see through” paper or the cover falling off, I’ve had my share of frustrations. I have shared these frustrations with the good folks at Lockman and they have often reminded me to be patient because there was something  in the works and quality editions were in the future. This week I can only assume that the wait is over and that future is here.

Enter Shepherd’s Conference 2018 and Steadfast Bibles.

At this years Shepherds Conference the long awaited Preacher’s Bible was released. I have been graciously given a copy by a friend and will be conducting a review of it in the near future. This has all been very exciting. But something more exciting seems to be happening. For the first time in many years, interest in the NASB seems to be on the incline instead of on the decline, and in my opinion this is a good thing.

Further, the group over at Steadfast Bibles is possibly going to be releasing a variety of editions of the NASB (hopefully in quality bindings like their newly released Preacher’s Bible), this is from their site :

The team at Steadfast Bibles is excited to be working on new editions of the NASB 1995, tentatively set to release in 2018 and beyond. We will be sending out surveys to garner input from NASB fans regarding cover and layout designs with the goal of meeting the needs of individuals and churches. If you’d like to have your voice heard, please sign up for our email list and we will be in touch.

Lots to look forward to for those of us who enjoy using the NASB, please make sure you get over to Steadfast Bibles and show them some support if you too enjoy using the NASB like I do.

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Understanding Balaam – Numbers 22-24

In my daily reading I am currently in the book of Numbers and I just finished the chapters on Balaam and Balak in chapters 22-24. Balaam has always been a little confusing to me. On the surface, he seems to say some good things but we know from the book of Jude that he is not put forward in a good light and is even classified with Cain and Korah. I was struggling to combine this truth with the fact that he seems to only say what the LORD tells him and on a surface level he seems to do what he is supposed to. With all of this in view, I decided to bring in a helpful resource. The following quotes are all taken from the Preach the Word commentary on the book Numbers by Rev. Dr. Iain Duguid.

I am cataloguing these comments here for my own personal benefit and future reference, maybe they will be of benefit to you as well. I also encourage you to obtain this resource, it has been a great benefit to my own study of Scripture.

THE DONKEY HAD MORE INSIGHT THAN THE SEER (CH 22)

“Here is a man who is a professional seer, the kind of person who makes a living discerning messages from God in places where other people see only random tea leaves and miscellaneous flights of birds; yet he cannot see the angel of the Lord when he stands there in plain sight in front of him! His donkey can see the Lord’s messenger, but Balaam cannot. Moreover, here is a man who has been hired to travel some distance in order to harm an entire nation — Israel — with the mere power of his spoken word; yet when a simple donkey makes a fool out of him, he is reduced to beating her with a stick and uttering empty threats. He has no power to curse her by turning her into a frog or a pumpkin! The world famous super-prophet is both spiritually blind and unable to inflict harm, while a mere donkey whose mouth has been opened by the Lord is able to see the truth clearly and speak it out in a way that delivers from death (my emphasis). The scene forms a wonderfully humorous picture.”

“Ironically, at the very same time that Balaam was threatening his donkey with death if he only had a sword in his hand, his own master had been standing over him with a drawn sword. Only the donkey’s faithfulness had saved him from death (my emphasis).”

“His heart was still captive to his idolatry, and even a face-to-face encounter with the Angel of the Lord did not free him from its chains. At the end of the day his donkey saw the Lord more clearly than he did; the brute beast understood more of God than the professional theologian. (my emphasis)“

THE DANGER OF SPIRITUAL COUNTERFEITS (CH 23-24)

“That is always the way it is with spiritual counterfeits: they make grandiose claims for themselves and promise to give us substantial rewards, yet in the end they turn out to be expensive, uncertain, and ultimately impotent. There is neither blessing nor curse to be found in psychics or mediums, in astrology or horoscopes, or in any other source than the one true living God. These spiritual counterfeits have no power to affect either the present or the future.”

“In fact, the same is true of all of the many created things to which we offer allegiance as our idols. They are all ultimately equally impotent to bless or to curse. Some seek their value in money and possessions, but wealth cannot make us genuinely worthwhile as persons, and its absence cannot rob us of our dignity. Others look to power for their validation, but power cannot fulfill us, and its loss cannot make our lives meaningless. Still others invest the approval of people with ultimate significance, but gaining the love of a particular person is not where our value lies, nor will we be destroyed if they are taken from us, however painful that loss may be. None of these created things can make or break us, even though we continually act as if they can. The power that we ascribe to these idols that we have set up for ourselves is evident in the way we pour ourselves so devotedly into pursuing their demands and are so wrapped up in fears of their loss. We would willingly go to the ends of the earth to do their bidding, and we regularly sacrifice on their altars whatever they demand. They fill our dreams and our nightmares, and they shape our expenditures and our relationships. They are profoundly expensive masters, both in financial terms and in terms of the turmoil that they create in our souls. Yet in the end, like all idols, they are impotent to deliver what they promise or threaten. (my emphasis) UNLIKE OUR GOD!

“In dramatic contrast to the expensive, uncertain, and ultimately impotent search for blessing and curse through spiritual counterfeits and the idols of our hearts, there is the free, certain, and effective way to blessing through Israel’s God. Israel did not have to pay Balaam or offer special sacrifices to receive a word of blessing from the Lord through him. On the contrary, the Lord had already freely committed himself in advance to bless Abraham and his descendants (Genesis 12:2, 3). The Lord had already told the Aaronic priests to pronounce his blessing regularly on the people, without any fee changing hands (my emphasis) (Numbers 6:24-27). Balaam’s words of blessing were simply a reflection of the Lord’s settled attitude toward his people. As Balaam himself put it, “God is not man, that he should lie, or a son of man, that he should change his mind. Has he said, and will he not do it? Or has he spoken, and will he not fulfill it? Behold, I received a command to bless: he has blessed, and I cannot revoke it” (23:19, 20). Human beings are fickle and changeable creatures, but when the Lord declared a people blessed, they were indeed blessed.”(my emphasis)

“These oracles of Balaam, which declare not merely positive present realities but a glorious future yet to come, are most certainly true because the Lord’s sovereign power extends beyond the present into the future. What man cannot predict — what the future holds — the Lord is able to declare, because he himself holds the future in his hands (my emphasis)Even sickness, disease, and the schemes of evil men are not exempt from his sovereign will to bless his people. For that reason, when Jesus and his disciples encountered a man who had been born blind, Jesus explained that this personal tragedy had happened precisely so that the work of God might be displayed in his life (John 9:3). That man’s disability was not an accident of fate: it was part of God’s plan to display his glory. In fact, even the most wicked act of history, the crucifixion of Jesus, was the result of God’s set purpose and foreknowledge (Acts 2:23). God’s sovereignty does not free human beings from their responsibility for their acts, but it does assure us of the certainty that his purposes of blessing and curse will assuredly come about. Who but the Lord has the power to foretell what the distant future holds? Who but the Lord holds that future in his hands?” (my emphasis)

CONCLUSION

“When you even out the merely temporary fluctuations in the fortunes of people and nations, there are ultimately only two fates offered in this world. There is the Lord’s blessing leading to a flourishing life and an enviable death or the Lord’s curse leading to defeat and ultimate destruction.”

Bible Review – Crossway ESV Study Bible in Black Calfskin

THE BENEFITS OF USING A STUDY BIBLE

In my opinion (take that for whatever you think it’s worth!), a few good Study Bibles are an essential part of anyone’s personal theological library. A good Study Bible is a great resource because it is concise yet somewhat comprehensive, meaning it can give you a good general answer to many of the Bibles most important questions in a very short answer. Any good Study Bible that is worth its salt will also point you in the right direction so that you may study a topic more in depth on your own.

When you think about it, a study Bible has very limited space and they must utilize that space in the best possible way. The editors may only put what is absolutely necessary, what is most important, what is most helpful on the lower part of the page. Because this is the case, you will usually get a very concise, well thought out and to the point answer to a potential question that the text raises. It can also help you see questions that you didn’t know you should be asking! This is often how study Bibles can best be used, as a reference book.

HOW I USE A STUDY BIBLE

For many years I used a Study Bible for everything. I used the same Bible for all of life. This has numerous benefits. But I realized I would often consult the notes before I would even read the Biblical text. I would often lean too heavily on the notes. It allowed me to skip the steps of thinking and meditating on a text and asking God to reveal His word to me. To be clear, this was not the fault of the Study Bible but of the user, namely me!

Now for my daily reading and study I use a Bible that has no study notes. But as I am reading through the Bible and stumble upon something I will often stop and try and think about it myself and then I will utilize a few Study Bibles to help me quickly understand something and make sure I’m thinking in the right direction. For instance, in my daily reading right now I am in the book of Numbers. Occasionally it is very helpful to read some Study Bibles on texts that I am confused by or don’t really understand what is going on. These notes can often help me clarify what I am reading and help keep me engaged.

With the advent of smartphones and tablets we are so blessed to have a variety of apps that can help us study the Bible. Many Study Bibles are now accessible through certain apps, in particular the Bible we will be looking at today. The ESV Study Bible gives you an online access code which also connect with their amazing Bible app. Many years ago when the Study Bible first came out I bought a hard cover just so I could have the online access to the notes. We will highlight more of these features as we move forward. Let’s begin!

THE ESV STUDY BIBLE

 

This is a beautiful Study Bible, let’s just get that out there from the beginning. It is also a large Bible! The ESV Study Bible is packed full of theological essays and papers, it truly is a great resource. As you can see the cover is a beautiful black calfskin leather and it has raised ribs which look great.

 

Here are some more pictures of the outside and inside cover. This is a very thick calfskin, probably the thickest I have ever held before. The outside is somewhat smooth yet still has texture while the inside is a classic pebble grain calfskin. If I had my way the pebble grain would be on the outside because I find it to be so beautiful and soft but this is still a very good combo.

 

Here are some shots of the text itself and some of the notes sections. This is a single column paragraph format, that means that the text is formatted into paragraphs and units instead of broken out by verses. As I have said before, I personally prefer verse divisions over paragraph divisions but this is becoming very popular and they have done a good job with it here. Also, as you can see there are great color illustrations in the notes sections. Please click the pictures to get a better view. All of these illustrations and maps are also able to be accessed online and through the app as well!

 

Here are some examples of the Book Introductions and the Essays contained in the back. This Study Bible is geared to be used by Christians with many different view points so the notes and supplemental material will often present a few different views on certain issues where there may be disagreement inside of Biblical Christianity.

 

I also want to highlight the benefit of using all of this content with the online access code which also comes with this Bible. As you can see in the first photo, you are able to view the text on top with the notes on the bottom, the notes scroll as you scroll through the text. Embedded in the app they also have a great audio Bible. The app also allows you to view cross-references and click on them and quickly return to the previous text. You are also able to take notes and save them, you can bookmark or favorite or share the text of Scripture and it you also are able to share the text of the notes which is a huge blessing! Finally you are able to search all of the material from the Study Bible including introductions,  illustrations, maps, grids etc. This app is very well done and a great resource, in my opinion it is worth it to buy the Bible just to have access to this material.

CONCLUSION

I believe Study Bibles are an important tool Christians can use to better understand Scripture and I personally use the ESV Study Bible in my daily life of reading and studying Scripture. That doesn’t mean I always agree with the notes but it does mean that they provoke me to think deeper about the things of the Lord and I am eternally grateful for that.

With all of that said, this ESV Study Bible in black calfskin is gorgeous. It is beautiful to look at, it smells good, and it contains great helps in it which are able to help you grow in your knowledge and understanding of the word of God, I highly recommend this resource to you!

James 1:22–25

“But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves. For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks intently at his natural face in a mirror. For he looks at himself and goes away and at once forgets what he was like. But the one who looks into the perfect law, the law of liberty, and perseveres, being no hearer who forgets but a doer who acts, he will be blessed in his doing.” (ESV)